Immunotherapy and Biotherapy
Sometimes cancer is treated with a group of drugs termed "immunotherapy" or sometimes "biotherapy".Instead of killing rapidly dividing cells like chemotherapy does, immunotherapy activates or enhances your immune system to specifically attack cancer cells, while biotherapy specifically targets cancer cell surface proteins to in activate them or stop them from performing cellular functions.
Based on your pathology and or genetic/genomic profiling of your cancer, Dr. Trezona will inform you if you are a candidate for these treatments when you see him in consultation.
Examples of immunotherapy drugs include interferon, IL-2, Ipilimumab, Nivolumab, or Pembrolizumab. Examples of bio therapies include Herceptin, Erbitux, and Avastin.
These treatments are used for many different malignancies. Sometimes in combination.